Speaking Activities In Madrasah Ibtidaiyah: A Meta Narrative About Character Building And Multiculturalism Point Of View

Muqarramah Sulaiman Kurdi, Mardiah Mardiah, Musyarrafah Sulaiman Kurdi, Muhammad Iqbal Ghazali Usman, Taslimurrahman Taslimurrahman Taslimurrahman

Abstract


Teaching experience of speaking skills tends to be underestimated by the teacher. Because speaking, especially in Bahasa Indonesia, is considered as the mother tongue used in pupil's daily communication. In general, madrasas ibtidaiyah teachers assume that speaking skills in Bahasa Indonesia are not so essential compared to reading and writing. Speaking skills considered to be something that has been studied by pupils since birth at home so that speaking skills are not emphasized to be taught more on the primary level. When designing the learning process, the teacher only focuses on material and students' cognitive without paying attention to student skills in conveying the context or conversation. This study aims to develop a learning activities model of speaking with the content of character building and a multicultural perspective. The researchers applied the ASSURE model as the approach to developing the learning model. The findings of this study showed that the learning model is carried out by analyzing the characteristics of students, setting learning objectives, choosing media, learning methods, and teaching materials, utilizing teaching materials, involving students in learning activities, evaluating and revising learning programs. The content of character education and multiculturalism perspective are applied as teaching material.

Keywords


speaking activities; character building; multicultural education; ASSURE model; madrasah ibtidaiyah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amirin, Tatang. M. Implementasi pendekatan pendidikan multikultural kontekstual berbasis kearifan lokal di Indonesia. Jurnal pembangunan pendidikan: Fondasi dan aplikasi, 1, no. 1, (June, 2012): 1-16. https://doi.org/10.21831/jppfa.v1i1.1047.

Arifin, Ahmad Hidayatullah. Implementasi Pendidikan Multikulutral dalam Praksis Pendidikan di Indonesia. Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan: Fondasi dan Aplikasi, 1, no. 1 (June, 2012): 72-82. https://doi.org/10.21831/jppfa.v1i1.1052.

Agustin, Ratna. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Tipe Team Games Tournament (TGT) untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berbicara Siswa Kelas V SDN 2 Cerme Pace Nganjuk Tahun Pelajaran 2018. SASTRANESIA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 6, no. 3 (2019): 46-55.

Anggraini, F. S. N., Haq, A., & Mustafida, F. Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Melalui Budaya 5s (Senyum, Sapa, Salam, Sopan, Santun). JPMI: Jurnal Pendidikan Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 1, no. 2 (2019): 147-153.

Arsjad, Maidar G., and U. S. Mukti. Pembinaan kemampuan berbicara bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga, 1988.

Benny, A. P. Model desain sistem pembelajaran. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat, 2009.

Baidhawy, Z. Pendidikan agama berwawasan Multikultural. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2005.

Baharun, H., & Awwaliyah, R. Pendidikan Multikultural dalam Menanggulangi Narasi Islamisme di Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam (Journal of Islamic Education Studies), 5, no. 2 (2017): 224-243.

Broto A.S. Pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia sebagai Bahasa kedua di SD Berdasarkan Pendekatan Linguistik Kontrastif. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1980.

Broto A.S. Metodologi Proses Belajar Mengajar Bahasa Indonesia. Sala: Tiga Serangkai, 1982.

Dalyono, Bambang & Enny Dwi Lestariningsih. Implementasi Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter Di Sekolah. Bangun Rekaprima: Majalah Ilmiah Pengembangan Rekayasa, Sosial dan Humaniora, 3, no.2 (October, 2016): 33-42.

Dhieni, Nurbiana, Lara Fridani, Azizah Muis, and Gusti Yarmi. "Metode Pengembangan Bahasa." Modul PAUD 4016. (2014): 1-28.

Fitria, Susi. "Speaking activities in young learners classroom: the implementation of project-based learning approach." Journal of English and Education 1, no. 2 (December, 2013): 90-102.

Sugeng, Bambang. "A learning strategy profile of Indonesian elementary school students." RELC Journal 28, no. 2 (1997): 82-106.

David Post, Michael. Representations of Meaning Within Textual Personas: An Analysis of 2008 US Presidential Campaign Speeches. Unpublished Thesis. Magister Program. The University of Birmingham, 2009.

Ekaningtyas, D. P. Peningkatan Keterampilan Berbicara Menggunakan Metode Sosiodrama. Paedagogie, 13, no.2 (2018): 71-76.

Erviana, V. Y., & Fatmawati, L. Urgensi Pendidikan Multikultural sebagai Wadah Strategis untuk Menanamkan Karakter Toleransi di Sekolah Dasar. Proceeding of The URECOL, (2019): 297-302.

Fauzan, Umar. Developing EFL Speaking Materials for the Second Semester Students of STAIN Samarinda. Proceedings of 61st TEFLIN International Conference UNS Surakarta. (October, 2014): 861-864.

Handayani, Y., & Hidayat, T. Model Talking Stick dalam Pembelajaran Berbicara. LITERASI, 3, no.1 (June, 2019): 41-50.

Heinich, R.J, Molenda, M., Russell, JD, & Smaldino, SE. Instructional Technology and Media for Learning. New Jersey, Columbus. Multi-Media Pembelajaran, 2005.

Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J., and Smaldino, S. The ASSURE Model. Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. 7th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall, 2002.

Heinich, S., Molenda, J., Russel, R., & Smaldino, M. The ASSURE model: instructional media and technologies for learning. NJ: Pearson, 1999.

Hermawan, Acep, Metodologi Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab. Cet. 1. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2011.

Ibrahim, Ahmad Abdullahi. "Comparative analysis between system approach, Kemp, and ASSURE instructional design models." International Journal of Education and Research 3, no. 12 (2015): 261-270.

Judiani, Sri. "Implementasi pendidikan karakter di sekolah dasar melalui penguatan pelaksanaan kurikulum." Jurnal pendidikan dan kebudayaan 16, no. 9 (2010): 280-289.

Karmila, N., & Indriani, R. S. Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Karakter pada Materi Ajar Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup untuk Sekolah Dasar/Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Kelas II. JPPGuseda| Jurnal Pendidikan & Pengajaran Guru Sekolah Dasar, 2, no. 1 (2019): 26-29.

Kemendikbud, Kebijakan Penguatan Pendidikan karakter, Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter, tujuan PPK, diakses pada https://cerdasberkarakter.kemdikbud.go.id/?page_id=132, tanggal 19 Juli 2019.

Khoiriyah, K., & Rachman, A. U. Bercakap-cakap sebagai Metode Peningkatan Kemampuan Berbicara Anak. Journal of Early Childhood Care and Education, 2, no. 1 (2019): 38-54.

Kurdi, Muqarramah Sulaiman. "Madrasah Ibtidaiyah dalam Pandangan Dunia: Isu-Isu Kontemporer dan Tren dalam Pendidikan." Al Ibtida: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI 5, no. 2 (2018): 231-248. DOI: 10.24235/al.ibtida.snj.v5i2.3194. Dimensions ID pub.1107976339.

Kurdi, Musyarrafah Sulaiman. "Evaluasi Implementasi Desain Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Pendekatan Humanistik." Elementary: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar 4, no. 2 (2018): 125-138. https://doi.org/10.32332/elementary.v4i2.1243.

Muliadi, Erlan. "Urgensi Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Berbasis Multikultural di Sekolah." Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 1, no. 1 (2011): 55-68.

Muhyiddin, Muhammad, Ikha Ikha Listyarini, and Henry Januar Saputra. "Keefektifan Model Role Playing Berbantu Video Animasi Terhadap Kemampuan Berbicara Siswa Kelas V SD Negeri 01 Terban Kudus." Jurnal Basicedu 3, no. 2 (2019): 564-571.

Muqarrahmah, Muqarramah. "Student Centered Learning Approaches; Learning Design Aqidah Morals For Government Elementary School." Tarbiyah: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan 5, no. 2 (2017): 23-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/tarbiyah.v5i2.982

Musyarafah, Musyarafah. "Development of English Teaching Materials Charged Based Character Education using Interactive Multimedia Macromediaflash (Case Study Course Learning English Teacher Education Department Madrasah)." Tarbiyah: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan 5, no. 2 (2017): 44-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.18592/tarbiyah.v5i2.983

Ma’arif, Muhammad Ahyar, and Abdul Hamid. "Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Pendidika Islam." An-Nisa' 11, no. 1 (2019).

Ngadiyono, Ngadiyono, and Sukidjo Sukidjo. "Implementasi pendidikan karakter di Madrasah Ibtudaiyah Negeri 2 Sleman." Harmoni Sosial: Jurnal Pendidikan IPS 6, no. 1 (2019).

Nurhayati, Dwi Astuti Wahyu. "Using Local Drama in Writing and Speaking: EFL Learners' Creative Expresssion." Journal of English Language Teaching and Linguistics 1, no. 1 (2016): 51-77. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/jeltl.v1i1.13.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. Teori pengkajian sastra. Yogyakarta: Gadjah, 2007.

Putra, P. Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Etnopedagogi di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri Kabupaten Sambas Kalimantan Barat, 2019.

Rahayu, Minto. Bahasa Indonesia di perguruan tinggi. Jakarta: Grasindo, 2007.

Rahardi, R. Kunjana. Bahasa kaya, bahasa berwibawa: bahasa Indonesia dalam dinamika konteks ekstrabahasa. Andi Offset, 2006.

Rahardi, R. Kunjana. Dimensi-dimensi kebahasaan: aneka masalah bahasa Indonesia terkini. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2006.

Rosyada, Dede. Pendidikan Multikultural di Indonesia Sebuah Pandangan Konsepsional. SOSIO-DIDAKTIKA: Social Science Education Journal, 1, no. 1 (2014): 1-12.

Russell, James D., Dennis Sorge, and Dianna Brickner. "Improving technology implementation in grades 5-12 with the ASSURE model." The Journal (Technological Horizons In Education) 21, no. 9 (1994): 66.

Smaldino, S. The ASSURE model.Instructional Media and Technologies for Learning. 7th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall, 2002.

Soenardi, Djiwandono. Tes Bahasa dalam Pengajaran. Bandung: Penerbit ITB, 1996.

Soeparno, Soeparno. "Penerapan Teori Tagmemik'Dalam Pengajaran Bahasa Indonesia." Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1988.

Simbolon, Marlina Eliyanti S. S. Tuturan dalam Pembelajaran Berbicara Dengan Metode Reciprocal Teaching. Jakarta: Media Sahabat Cendekia, 2019.

Suharto, G. "Pendidikan Bahasa dalam Konteks Pendidikan Nasional." Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1997.

Stevens, Florence. "Activities to promote learning and communication in the second language classroom." Tesol Quarterly 17, no. 2 (1983): 259-272.

Syafruddin, S., Masyhuri, M., & Suud, S. Urgensi Pendidikan Multikultural untuk Mencegah Faham Radikalisme pada Siswa SMA dan MA di Kecamatan Dompu. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengabdian Masyarakat , 2, no. 1 (2019): 42-52.

Trudell, Barbara, and Benjamin Piper. "Whatever the law says: Language policy implementation and early-grade literacy achievement in Kenya." Current Issues in Language Planning 15, no. 1 (2014): 4-21.

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. "Berbicara Sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa." Bandung: Angkasa, 2008.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/al-bidayah.v12i1.534

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://jurnal.albidayah.id/index.php/home/index

ISSN: 2549-3388 

Creative Commons License

This work for Jurnal Al Bidayah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License