Reconstructing The Nature Of Inclusive School System In Primary School To Strengthening Inclusive Society

Zidniyati Zidniyati


This paper contains theoretical discussions about the nature of inclusive education and the implications needed in the practice of inclusive school systems, especially at the elementary school level. The formulation of the problem raised in this study is: What is the nature of the implementation of the inclusive education system in elementary schools? What are some examples of inclusive education practices so far? What is the relationship between inclusive education and value education in schools? How can inclusive education strengthen inclusive communities? What are the implications of implementing the inclusive education system in elementary schools? The five questions will be answered by a discussion approach on various theories that have been raised by many experts and by looking at the practices of inclusive education in several developing countries and developing countries. This research used literature review methods. The findings in this study are that inclusive education will be realized in an inclusive community environment that holds fast to the values of mutual acceptance, mutual respect, and mutual love for one another. In other words, inclusive education means preparing all members of the inclusive community in schools for inclusive communities.


inclusive school system, elementary school, inclusive society

Full Text:



Anggraeni, Novita & Sad Dian Utomo. (2018). Pelayanan Publik Bagi Disabilitas: Kajian Praktik Baik dan Inovasi dari Mitra Program Peduli Pilar Disabilitas. Fase 1 (tahun 2015-2016) di Lima Provinsi pada Sektor Pelayanan Publik. (Jakarta: PATTIRO Pusat Telaah dan Informasi Regional).

Azorín, Cecilia & Mel Ainscow. (2018). “Guiding Schools on Their Journey Towards Inclusion” International Journal of Inclusive Education, DOI: 10.1080/13603116.2018.1450900.

A., Kearney. (2009). “Barriers to school inclusion: An investigation into the exclusion of disabled students from and within New Zealand schools.” Unpublished thesis (Massey University: Palmerston North, New Zealand). Available at Date Accessed on September 5th 2019 at 5.03 a.m.

Dapodik, as of January, 31st 2019.

Garry, Hornby. (2014). Inclusive special education:evidence-based practices for children with special needs and disabilities. (New York: Springer).

G., Thomas. (1997). “Inclusive schools for an inclusive society”. British Journal of Special Education 24, no. 3: 103-107. Available at Date accessed on September, 5th 2019 at 11.18 p.m.

M., Ainscow, & Miles, S. (2008). “Making Education for All inclusive: where next?” Prospects, 38, no. 1: 15-34. Available at Data Accessed on September 5th 2019 at 5.13 a.m.

Slee, R., Ainscow, M. & Best, M. (2019). “Editorial: the Salamanca Statement: 25 years” International Journal of Inclusive Education 23: 7-8, 671-676, DOI: 10.1080/13603116.2019.1622800.

Sudarno, Rohidin & Sad Dian Utomo. (2018). Inovasi Pendataan Disabilitas: Inovasi dan Praktik Baik Mitra Program Peduli Disabilitas Fase 1 di Enam Provinsi. (Jakarta: PATTIRO Pusat Telaah dan Informasi Regional).

S. B., Carrington & Macarthur, J. (2012). Teaching in inclusive school communities. (John Wiley & Sons Inc).

T., Boot & Ainscow, M. (2002). Index for inclusion developing learning and participation in schools. (Bristol (England): Centre for Studies on Inclusive Education).

Utomo, Sad Dian, (2018). Policy Paper: Mewujudkan Pembangunan Inklusif Disabilitas: Rekomendasi Kebijakan untuk Penyusunan RPJMN 2020-2024.

World Economic Forum. (2017). The Inclusive Growth and Development Report.

Zidniyati. (2017). “The implementation of values Comprehensive approach in developing character in an elementary school in banyuwangi (An Observational Report)” Proceeding International Conference on Islamic Education (ICIED) 2, no. 1: 286-298. Available at Date Accessed September 6th 2019 at 10.00 a.m.

Zidniyati. (2019). “Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter di Sekolah Dasar di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0.” Tarbiyatuna: Kajian Pendidikan Islam 3, no. 1: 39-55. Available at Accessed September 6th 2019 at 10.11. a.m.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:

ISSN: 2549-3388 

Creative Commons License

This work for Jurnal Al Bidayah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Hosting & Design by